Asian Rhinos: Critically Endangered
The IUCN Red List currently recognizes three species of Asian Rhino: the Indian or Greater One-horned Asian Rhino, the Javan or Lesser One-horned Asian Rhino, and the Sumatran or Asian Two-horned Rhino. All three are endangered, and two, the Sumatran rhino and Javan rhino, critically endangered.
The Sumatran & Javan Rhino
The Sumatran rhino, one of the rarest and most endangered rhino species, faces a perilous status as it hovers on the brink of extinction. With its population drastically reduced due to habitat loss, poaching, and small isolated populations, the Sumatran rhino is critically endangered. Today, there are estimated to be less than 80 Sumatran Rhinos in the wild.
The Javan rhino, one of the world's most endangered large mammals, is teetering on the edge of extinction due to a combination of factors. With its habitat significantly diminished by human activities such as logging and agricultural expansion, the Javan Rhino faces critical endangerment. Sadly, there are only known to be around 74-76 Javan Rhinos left in the world. In recent years, two Javan Rhinos were born.
The Indian Rhino
Approximately 70% of the Indian Rhino population is found in Assam's Kaziranga National Park, India. The Indian Rhino, or Greater One-horned Rhino, is the largest of the Asian Rhino species. Once found throughout the Indian subcontinent, today, there are two scattered groups in Nepal and India. According to the IUCN Red List, there are around 2700 remaining in the wild. While it remains classified as vulnerable, the Indian Rhino population has shown signs of some recovery due to concerted conservation efforts. Despite this progress, the species still faces extreme challenges such as the illegal trade of their horns, habitat fragmentation, and human-wildlife conflict.